History Of Osman Ghazi In English Ottoman Empire First Sultan Osman Ghazi History Read In This Article Turkce Urdu Website Who Was Osman Ghazi
Osman Gazi founded the Ottoman Principality. His father is Ertuğrul Gazi and his mother is Halime Hanım. During his life he conquered many cities and won wars. The principality he founded has reached an empire that will reign for 600 years. Osman Gazi’s tomb is located in Bursa today . Here is Osman Gazi’s life…
OSMAN GAZİ’S LIFE
His father, Ertuğrul Gazi, was presiding over a large crowd of Oghuz Turks, who lived in the Söğüt Plain and Domaniç Plateau in Western Anatolia, from the Kayı branch of the Bozok tribe.
Osman Gazi was his younger son. Historian Ibn-i Kemal (d. 1534) states in his work Tevarih-i Al-i Osman that Ertuğrul Bey had two sons when he came to Anatolia (Greek), while continuing his nomadic life in Söğüt in 1254 (652 AH). ) reports the birth of his young son Osman, “Lion-shaped and moon-faced”. According to folk rumors, her mother (or grandmother) is Hayma Ana.
Who Was Osman Ghazi
Again, historian Ibn-i Kemal states that Osman “was among the valiant men” in his youth and “adapted everyone to strike, stand and sit” and states that although he was the youngest of the brothers, “he was before the sentence of boxwood (sword) and caution”. It is obvious that this narration is similar to the themes of the Oghuz epic.
In 1281, when he was 23 years old, he married Malhun Hatun, the daughter of Sheikh Edebali, who was one of the Ahis. Orhan Gazi, who would later become the head of the Ottoman State, was born from this marriage.
FOUNDATION OF THE OTTOMAN PRINCIPAL
The date on which Osman Gazi established his margrave, which would become the Ottoman Empire in the future, is controversial among historians. Following the conquest of Kulaca Hisar and Karacahisar castles, the conquest of İnegöl in 1299 is accepted as the foundation of the Ottoman State. Many historians agree that with the collapse of the Anatolian Seljuk State in 1299,
Osman Gazi declared the independence of Anatolia among other Turkish principalities and established the Ottoman State. Other historians, in 1299, Anatolian Seljuk Sultan II. They claim that Gıyaseddin Mesud sent a banner and a flag to Osman Gazi and symbolically gave independence to his three principalities with these plaque and flag awards.
It is accepted by historians that Osman Gazi entered the third phase of his seventy-year life with the capture of Bilecik castle, a center of sericulture and blacksmithing. At this stage of his life, VidHistory wars also play an important role.
The first success in this phase started with the capture of Köprühisar by the principalities. In this period, the target was Paleologos, who was an important Byzantine city and was the center of the Eastern Roman / Byzantine Empire resistance against Constantinople, which was captured by the Latin Crusaders in the Third Crusade,
and who captured Constantinople again in 1261 and established an empire, and was still on the imperial throne at that time. Iznik was considered the center of the Dynasty. Yenişehir with Turkmen population was established in 1301 on the western part of the goal, against the city of Iznik, which is located in the east of Lake Iznik. Osman Bey made Yenişehir the center of the principality.
According to the date when historian Mehmet Nesri wrote his pen in the 1500s, the first sermon on behalf of Osman Bey was given in the same year by Karamanlı Dursun Fakih, one of the disciples of Sheikh Edebali, in a mosque in Karacahisar, which was converted from a church.
Osman Bey gave the land of the principality to his close relatives and comrades as “dirlik” in accordance with the Oghuz tradition. Thus, Eskişehir was given to his brother Gündüz Bey, Karacahisar’s son Orhan Bey, Yarhisar Hasan Alp and İnegöl Turgut Alp.
According to historians, Osman Gazi left the administration of the principality to his son, Orhan Bey, due to his aging and “drop disease”, that is, gout in his last yers.